Facilities
Large-scale facilities

Aloisa

General informations

Location
Elettra Synchrotron light source, Trieste, Italy
Main techniques and methods
XPS, NEXAFS, Resonant Photoemission, Time resolved Synchrotron Spectroscopy, Photoelectron Diffraction, He Atom Diffraction, UPS, ARPES, Two-photons Photoemission, STM
Key instumentation
- ALOISA beamline (130-1500 eV) with main end-station;
- Helium Atom Scattering setup at HASPES branchline;
- ANCHOR-SUNDYN end-station with 1 MHz
femtosecond laser at branchline;
- OSMOS variable temperature UHV STM.

ALOISA is a laboratory for the study of surfaces and interfaces and includes 3 Synchrotron end-stations (alternative use) and one STM (offline).

The beamline provides linearly polarized light in a photon energy range from 130 eV to 1500 eV (flux 1012 ph/sec at 0.2 ‰ bw, max R.P. >104). The main beamline (with optics working at 0.5˚ grazing incidence) serves a multipurpose end-station (ALOISA), which is open to external Users. The branchline was designed with a specific low divergence optical layout to offer large flexibility in hosting different setups for proprietary use of the staff. Currently, two end-stations (ANCHOR and HASPES) are consecutively attached to the branchline for alternative use.

Technical description

The ALOISA Laboratory is dedicated to the study of surfaces and interfaces and includes three Synchrotron end-stations (alternative use) and one STM (offline).

The beamline provides linearly polarized light in a photon energy range from 130 eV to 1500 eV (flux >1011 ph/sec at 0.2 ‰ bw, max R.P. >104).  The main beamline (with optics working at 0.5˚ grazing incidence) serves a multipurpose end-station (ALOISA), which is open to external Users. The branchline was designed with a specific low divergence optical layout to offer large flexibility in hosting different setups for proprietary use of the staff. Currently, two end-stations (ANCHOR and HASPES) are consecutively attached to the branchline for alternative use.

ALOISA. It is equipped with a six-degrees of freedom high precision manipulator coaxial to the photon beam in order to increase the surface sensitivity at grazing incidence. A custom 66mm electron analyzer with 2D detector is hosted in a two-axis rotation frame. The analyzer can be freely oriented above the sample, for any orientation of the surface with respect to the linear polarization.  

ANCHOR-SUNDYN. It is equipped with laboratory X-ray (monochromatized Al Kα) and UV (He discharge) sources and with a 150mm analyzer (Phoibos, SPECS) with 2D detector. A femtosecond laser (Amplitude Systèmes), optimized for the optical pump of organic systems (210-2600 nm), is integrated in the ANCHOR endstation in order to perform time resolved X-ray spectroscopies at MHz repetition rate (synchronous to Synchrotron beam).

HASPES. It is a He Atom Scattering apparatus (20-100 meV) equipped with a custom made 150mm analyzer (2D detector) and a high precision manipulator to perform simultaneously XPS and HAS (also during growth) on the same illuminated area. The sample holder (equipped with heaters and thermocouples) is interchangeable with the ALOISA one.

OSMOS. It is a CNR-Elettra joint laboratory for the study of on-surface synthesis and modification of organic molecules. It is currently operative with a variable temperature (120-300 K) UHV STM (Aharus type by SPECS) and a 150 mm LEED (SPECS).

 

 

Development of new methods, instrumentation, software

Software:

  • The acquisition program of the three beamline end-stations has been developed in house under the Labview environment. The specific subprogram controlling the data acquisition from the delay line detectors (which are realized by Elettra) has been exported to other two experimental stations at the Gas Phase beamline of Elettra.
  • The program XPSMania (developed under Wavemetrics IGOR Pro environment) for the analysis of X-ray photoemission and absorption spectra (data treatment and data fit), is currently adopted by many research groups of the ALOISA’s users community.

Instrumentation:

  • in collaboration with the IOM technical services and the Elettra Electronics group, we design and setup the integration of the delay line detector in the three different electron analyzers (both custom-made and commercial ones) of our end-stations.
  • in collaboration with the IOM technical services, we designed and realized the system of sample holders, and tools for sample handling, transferring, parking and manipulating for the experimental chambers of the OSMOS experimental chambers (including STM). This design has been selected as the standard setup for sample holding and handling within the NFFA project.

Research Activity

The research activity of the group is dedicated to the study of the morphologic and electronic properties of low dimensional systems of interest for organic electronics and for energy harvesting technologies. In this context, two different topics are tackled:

T1. Study of the charge transfer in the hetero-organic and organic-inorganic interfaces. The systems of interest are interfaces between thin films of organic semiconductor molecules (polyacenes, porphyrines, phthalocyanines) and the interfaces between films of the same class and coinage metals, transition metal oxides or 2D materials. The general aim of electron dynamics characterization is to identify the charge delocalization channels, able to promote charge transport in the systems, and to define the growth protocols to optimize them, in order to improve the efficiency for possible applications in prototypical devices. By studying the static charge transfer, we aim at highlighting the chemical modification of molecules and the system reactivity from the perspective of catalysis and environmental friendly applications.

T2. Synthesis of 2D frameworks on surfaces, using small molecular precursors, aimed at modifying the chemical and morphologic properties of the substrate. The general aim is to build 2D templates with specific chemical properties, able to selectively anchor, via molecular recognition, guest species on surface. The guest host architectures are then investigated in terms of electron dynamics as possible prototypes for the design of electronic devices. Among the systems of interests, we are developing the surface synthesis of covalent organic frameworks based on the condensation of precursors functionalized with boronic acid, hydroxyl and amino terminations.

Projects

PRIN 2017, FERMAT, 2019-2022

Main collaborations

National:

  • Sincrotrone Elettra, Trieste
  • Physics Dep., Univ. Milano Statale
  • CNR-ICMATE, Padova
  • Chemistry Dep., Univ. Trieste
  • Physics Dep., Politecnico di Milano

International:

  • Physics Dep., Ljubliana University, Slovenia.
  • ICMM-CSIC, Madrid, Spain.
  • Centro de Fisica de Materiales CSIC/UPV, San Sebastian, Spain.
  • Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany
  • Chemistry Dep., Columbia University, USA.
  • Lab. Interdisciplinaire Carnot, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France.

Key publications

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2020 doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c07530

Pump-Probe X-ray Photoemission Reveals Light-Induced Carrier Accumulation in Organic Heterojunctions

Costantini R., Grazioli C., Cossaro A., Floreano L., Morgante A., Dell'angela M.
Nanoscale Advances, 1-5:1721-1725, 2019 doi:10.1039/c9na00144a

On-surface trapping of alkali atoms by crown ethers in ultra high vacuum

Stredansky M., Turco E., Feng Z., Costantini R., Comelli G., Verdini A., Floreano L., Morgante A., Dri C., Cossaro A.
Chemical Communications, 54-95:13423-13426, 2018 doi:10.1039/c8cc06739b

On-surface nickel porphyrin mimics the reactive center of an enzyme cofactor

Zamborlini G., Jugovac M., Cossaro A., Verdini A., Floreano L., Lüftner D., Puschnig P., Feyer V., Schneider C.M.
Chemical Communications, 54-32:3971-3973, 2018 doi:10.1039/c8cc01372a

On-surface synthesis of a 2D boroxine framework: A route to a novel 2D material?

Stredansky M., Sala A., Fontanot T., Costantini R., Africh C., Comelli G., Floreano L., Morgante A., Cossaro A.
Nano Letters, 16-3:1955-1959, 2016 doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b05231

Ultrafast Charge Transfer Pathways Through A Prototype Amino-Carboxylic Molecular Junction

Kladnik G., Puppin M., Coreno M., De Simone M., Floreano L., Verdini A., Morgante A., Cvetko D., Cossaro A.
Chemistry - A European Journal, 22-41:14672-14677, 2016 doi:10.1002/chem.201602105

Water Formation for the Metalation of Porphyrin Molecules on Oxidized Cu(111)

Verdini A., Shinde P., Montanari G.L., Suran-Brunelli S.T., Caputo M., Di Santo G., Pignedoli C.A., Floreano L., Passerone D., Goldoni A.
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 6-2:308-313, 2015 doi:10.1021/jz502523u

TiO<inf>2</inf>(110) Charge Donation to an Extended π-Conjugated Molecule

Lanzilotto V., Lovat G., Fratesi G., Bavdek G., Brivio G.P., Floreano L.